Botanical reserve “Syktyvkarskiy” is located in the middle taiga at the floodplain left bank of the Sysola River, 18 km southwest from Syktyvkar. Total area of the reserve is 191 ha.
The reserve was created in 1984 in order to preserve habitats of rare orchid plant species. By now, one of the largest in the Komi republic populations of
Cypripedium calceolus is under protection in the reserve “Syktyvkarskiy”. The reserve is near Syktyvkar and this allows biologists to organize here monitoring of the protected population.
The vegetation of the reserve is dominated mainly by dwarf shrub green moss, herb green moss and herb mixed forests. In the “lower part” of the reserve, there are herb spruce forests, pine stands of herb-sedge and sedge associations. Overlogged sites are established by communities from Betula nana. Deciduous forests are presented by secondary birch and aspen forests. Alnus and Salix stands may be met along the roads.
There are 176 species of spore and seed plants in the reserve. The flora of the reserve is unique due to high diversity of the Orchids. 11 species of northern orchids occur here. The list of mosses of the reserve contains 62 species of Bryopsida and 16 species of Hepatica. The list of lichens includes about 150 species.
Extremely rare lichens Arthonia arthonioides and A. leucopellaea occur in the reserve. These lichens have the protection status 1 (endangered) and are indicators of old growth forests. The other interesting lichens are Melanelia subargentifera, Physconia detersa, Chaenotheca gracilenta, Cheiromycina ﬂabelliformis, and Lobaria pulmonaria.
Protected nature landscape “Kargortskiy” was created in 2012 in order to protect typical nature landscape in the Sysola River basin including the outcrop of Jurassic sediments at the left riverside. The reserve is located in the Yb village. Area of the reserve is 7.39 ha.
The outcrop Kargort is the paleontological location of belemnites, ammonites, bone remnants of Jurassic marine vertebrates: marine reptiles and chimeric fishes as well as deposits of iron ore and oil shale. Here, paleontologists found scattered fragments of the skeleton of a plesiosaur and ichthyosaur, dental plates of chimeras, which are stored in the Chernov Geological Museum. These findings of chimeras are the northernmost in the World.
The combination of a rich geological content and a picturesque landscape, accessibility for visitors has contributed to the fact that this small area has become an educational ground for students and schoolchildren, a venue for scientific excursions.
Charge: the trip is free of charge.
During the bus trip, you will visit botanical reserve “Syktyvkarskiy”, protected landscape “Kargortskiy” and the Finno-Ugric ethnopark in the Komi village Yb.